UK Emissions Regulations
GBF is continually engaged with regulators and industry bodies to work with and understand current and proposed regulations surrounding air quality and emissions regulations.
The key areas of regulation affecting our products are:
Clean Quality Standards Regulations
Low Emission Zones
The Medium Combustion Plant Directive
There are over sixty Air Quality Management Areas (AQMA) in the UK with Particulates air quality issues. In 2009 official figures show that 29,000 people died in the UK from Particulate related diseases. PM2.5 Particulates cause the greatest damage to human health and in some cases death because they are smaller than PM10 and can pass further into the respiratory system.
On 29th April 2015, the UK Supreme Court quashed the Government’s ineffective plans to cut illegal levels of air pollution in Britain and ordered it to deliver new ones by the end of the year.
The 2008 EU Ambient Air Quality Directive and fourth Daughter Directive sets legally binding limits for concentrations of major air pollutants. It was transposed into law across the UK through the Air Quality Standards Regulations 2010.
Generally this directive protects human health. It sets limit values for lead (Pb), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), sulphur dioxide (SO2), benzene, carbon monoxide (CO), certain toxic heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo(a)pyrene) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PaH) and ozone (O3).
Map shows Air Quality Management Areas in the UK
GREEN D+ REDUCES PM 2.5 BY 84% AND PM 10 BY 75%*
*COMPARED TO RED DIESEL AT 70% LOAD
NOx is a generic term for mono-nitrogen oxides NO and NOx (nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide). They are produced from the reaction of nitrogen and oxygen gases in the air during combustion, especially at high temperatures. NOx gases are formed whenever combustion occurs in the presence of nitrogen – as in an air-breathing engine. High concentrations of NOx causes inflammation in the lungs. Long-term exposure can increase the risk of respiratory conditions, decrease lung function and aggravate the effects of other allergens.
Laboratory tests show that the cerium oxide in GREEN D+’s performance additive lowers the combustion temperature and therefore the NOx emissions from the combustion chamber and also attracts the oxygen from the NOx as it passes through the exhaust.
GREEN D+ REDUCES NOx BY 27-36% COMPARED TO RED DIESEL
Reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are among the explicit goals of policy measures to support biofuel production in Europe. Bioenergy crops can reduce or offset greenhouse gas emissions by directly removing carbon dioxide from the air as they grow and store it in crop biomass and soil. Fuels from bioenergy crops are thus considered emission-neutral when burnt.
GREEN D+ REDUCES GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY 50-90% COMPARED TO GAS OIL
GREEN D+ IS NATURALLY FREE OF SULPHUR AND SO PRODUCES NO SULPHUR DIOXIDE, CONSIDERED TO BE ONE OF THE MAIN PRECURSORS TO ACID RAIN